Anthony of Padua was born in Lisbon in 1195 and was named Fernando. As a young adult, he became a Canon Regular of Saint Augustine, and for 11 years lived at the Santa Cruz Monastery in Coimbra. During his theological studies, he became well versed in the Scriptures and the Fathers of the Church. Because of his desire for martyrdom, he joined the Friars Minor in 1220 and travelled to Morocco. There, he fell ill and had to return, after which he began to preach. He was quite successful and many miracles were made during his life.
His sermons were intended for all believers or, sometimes, for a particular group: penitents, those in contemplation, the religious, preachers and prelates. For all of these individuals, our Saint shows the way to Salvation and perfection. In all the things he does and says, Saint Anthony is always sure of himself and of sound doctrine. Nevertheless, he avoids speculating and is very practical in his preaching. From time to time, he would stop his ministry so to spend a few days in solitude and contemplation where God would grant him mystical blessings and graces. For the Order, Saint Anthony fulfilled many functions. He even taught theology to the young brothers. Anthony passed away in Padua on June the 13th, in the year 1231, and was canonized on May 30th the following year. In 1931, for the 700th anniversary of the death of Saint Anthony, the Friars Minor asked the Holy See to grant him the title of Doctor of the Church.
The case was presented in 1936 and signed by 2,017 people. On January 16, 1945, the Universal Church declared Saint Anthony Doctor Evangelicus.